What is Cold?

The cold is also known as nasopharyngitis, rihnopharyngitis, coryza and sniffles. Cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract caused bu a virus. The infection is seen in the nose, throat, sinuses, the eustachian tubes, larynx, trachea and the bronchial tubes. The infection does not commonly affect the lungs. There are more than 250 viruses that are capable of causing the colds.


The cold causing viruses can be very contagious and can be spread from person to person.
• The most common viruses that cause cold are rihnovirus, adenovirus, coronavirus and RSV- respiratory syncytial virus.
• The spread takes place by air and is transmitted through the droplets that are airborne when you cough or sneeze.
• You can also catch a cold by being in contact with objects that have been used by someone suffering from a cold. Direct contact like a handshake can also cause the spread.


• Runny nose
• Sneezing
• Blockage of the sinus and the nose
• Sore throat
• Headache
• Mild fever
• Cough


As the cold is caused by virus, antibiotics cannot be used.
• Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent or treat any associated infections like an ear infection or sinusitis.
• Cold is usually self-limiting and resolves in five to ten days.


• Frequent washing of hands.
• Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth
• Wear gloves in public places

What you can expect when you visit our clinics

1. Stop by our front desk to visit a certified Nurse Practitioner or Physician Assistant. No appointment is required.
2. Your medical practitioner will examine your medical background, go over your medical issues, perform an examination and supply you with an individualized plan for treatment. This might consist of non-prescription items or a medical prescription.
3. Towards the end of your visit to our clinic, your medical attendant will give you an overview, an invoice and some instructional material may be given.
4. The overview of your clinic visit can be forwarded to your primary health care provider with your authorization.